The Impact on People’s Lives
Air pollutants emitted from factories and cars caused the onset of illnesses such as chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma among residents in Kawasaki and the surrounding areas, causing many people to suffer. People who fell victim to there disorders not only registered their complaints and circulated petitions but actively engaged in various campaigns which resulted in the establishment of a pollution control ordinance. This ordinance also became the driving force in encouraging people to take civil action against the government and offending companies and to promote antipollution measures.
Air pollution (sulfur dioxide) Warning Announcements
|duration of warning||105h25min||53h45min||21h20min||19h50min||14h50min|
Nationwide rise in pollution-related claims and action taken by the Govarnment.
The serious effects of pollution were not limited to Kawasaki but were occurring all over Japan. Camplaints for the most part were made to local public bodies. As a result, local municipal governments were the first to take action to address the situation. To clarify its fundamental position on the prevention of pollution, the national government drafted legislation concerning pollution problem in 1970. This was followed by the establishment of the Environment Agency in 1971. These formed the basic framework of pollution control regulations today.
Number of pollution-related complaints processed by local public bodies.
|Year||total||air pollution||water pollution||soil contamination||noise||vibrations||land subsidence||odors|
14 antipollution-related laws and ordinances amended or established in 1970
- Basic Law for Environmental Control
- Road Traffic Law
- Noise Control Low
- Waste Disposal Law
- Sewerage Law
- Pollution Control Public Works Cost Allocation Law
- Law Relating to the Prevention of Marine Pollution and Maritime Disasters
- Law for the Punishment of Environmental Pollution Crimes relating to Human Health
- Agricultural Chemicals Regulation Law
- Agricultural Land Soil Pollution Prevention Law
- The Prevention of Water Pollution Law
- Air Pollution Control Law
- Natural Park Law
- Toxic Substances and Violent Poison Control Law
Kawasaki Pollution Lawsuit
Victims of pollution initiated court proceedings demanding compensation for adverse effects on their health due to polltion.(1982)
The Kanagawa Prefectural Kawasaki Library houses files related to pollution litigation.
Economic and Labor Affairs Bureau
Kawasaki Frontier Building 10th Floor,
11-2, Ekimae-honcho, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki City, Japan, 210-0007